Accident Investigation and Prevention (AIP)
Road Safety Engineering:
Cost Effective Local Safety Schemes
Great Britain has one of the best road safety records in Europe and the world. Despite a huge increase in traffic over the last few decades, the number of people killed on our roads has fallen from around 5,500 per year in the mid 1980s to 1,730 in the year to September 2015*. This is the second lowest annual total on record after 2013. There were 45 per cent fewer fatalities in 2015 than a decade earlier in 2006. Road casualties have decreased from 240,000 in the mid 1980s (including 75,000 serious injuries) to 186,189 casualties (22,144 serious injuries) in the year to September 2015. Nevertheless, further initiatives are required to ensure that this downward trend continues.
Statistics on road safety in Great Britain are based on injury accidents reported to the police via the STATS19 system. This system allows police forces to maintain a database of personal-injury accidents, which is used by the Department for Transport (DfT), Highways England and local highway authorities. It does not collect information about damage-only accidents. The DfT produces an annual ‘best estimate’ of the total number of road casualties in Great Britain each year, including those not reported to police, the latter derived primarily from National Travel Survey (NTS) data. The latest such estimates, along with a description of how they have been derived and their limitations, are published annually in ‘Reported Road Casualties Great Britain’.
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